Anthropology 275       Reading Report 4
Disease in Prehistory       due 2/15

Answer the following questions based on the Chapter 11 "Lethal Gift of Livestock" from Diamond , J. 1999. Guns, germs, and Steel. New York: W. W. Norton.

1. What are some evolutionary strategies used by bacteria, viruses, and parasitic worms that ensure their transmission from one host to another?
2. What are some defensive responses of human body to a new infection?
3. What are the greatest epidemics recorded in human history? When and where did they occur?
4. Summarize the four stages in the evolution of specialized human diseases from an animal precursor.